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YLT-Make a Sandwich

Is it easy to give directions? Test your communication skills as you talk your partner through the task of making a sandwich. Make sure that your instructions or clear, or you might end up making a mess rather than a sandwich!

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  • How will you make up your pairs?  
  • What materials do you need for this adventure?  
  • What problems in communication do you forecast? 


  • Stand, back-to-back, alongside a table. Place supplies for making peanut-butter-and-jelly sandwiches on the table.  
  • The individuals facing the table will be responsible for making a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.  
  • Their partners, who are facing the audience, will provide direction.  
  • Sandwich makers should follow these basic instructions: Do literally what your partner instructs you to do. You may not show your partner what you are doing until the sandwich is done, and your partner may not turn around to look.  
  • When you have completed the task, your partner may then turn to face the sandwich.  


  • What do you know now that you did not know before?  
  • How could you have communicated more effectively with your partner?  
  • What was hard about receiving verbal instructions? 

Keep it Simple

Making a sandwich has a lot of steps – and can get pretty messy! If you want to start with something a bit simpler, start off by talking someone through the steps of brushing their teeth. Don’t forget to follow the instructions exactly! 

Take it Further

Rather than explaining something that someone already knows how to do, why not talk them through something that they don’t know how to do! Using only words and actions (not touching the person or the object), talk your partner through something you know how to do, but they do not, like solving a Rubik’s Cube, knitting or making a friendship bracelet.